Testosterone is well known as the hormone which is behind building lean muscle mass. However, testosterone levels will peak from 25 to 30 years of age depending on your lifestyle. Testosterone at the age of 30 after this peak will start to decrease 1-2% each year. Lifestyle can also be one of the biggest factor in terms of testosterone production as one of the most common mistakes in decreasing testosterone can actually be from overtraining. This is because the prolonged exercise can affect cortisol levels which is the bodies stress hormone leading to catabolism. The common symptoms that are associated with low testosterone are:
- Erectile dysfunction.
- Decreased libido.
- Hair loss.
- Weight Gain.
This is where we can utilise ATP Science Alpha Mars as it is specifically designed to help promote natural testosterone levels, help with balancing cortisol levels, and stop the production of the body converting testosterone levels into dihydrotestosterone which can lead to the nasty symptoms above. Within this blog we want to talk about the main source of testosterone producing ingredients Shilajit within the Alpha Mars and how it can be very beneficial in different ways within the body.
How Testosterone is made:
Testosterone is the male sex hormone which is made in the testes, and adrenal gland in the body. Testosterone is controlled by the pituitary gland which is located at the front of your brain and controls an abundant amount of different hormones. Testosterone will attach to two different types of proteins within the body, albumins (globular proteins produced in the liver), and Sex Hormone Binding Globulin (SHBG). There are three different pathway types of testosterone within the body:
- Free bound testosterone: is the androgen which requires the sex hormone which circulates around the blood stream. It is called free bound testosterone because there are not proteins attached to the molecule. This allows the free testosterone to be able to enter cells and turn on genes, and receptors. Your body can utilise free bound testosterone a lot easier as it is more bioavailable.
- SHBG: is a hormone that is made by the liver. SHBG carries three different hormones around the body in the blood stream; estrogen, dihydrotestosterone (DHT), and testosterone. SHBG will control the amount of testosterone that can be utilised within the muscle tissues.
- Albumin-bound testosterone: Albumin testosterone is produced in the liver which is a protein which is to stabilize extra cellular fluid within the body. The Albumin protein carries free fatty acids to the liver, helps keeps blood acidity in a healthy range, and maintains osmotic pressure within blood vessels to stop leaks that could affect surrounding tissue. Albumin testosterone is not an active form of testosterone within the body, however it can be converted into free bound testosterone in the body when needed.
What is Shilajit:
Shilajit is a pale brown to blackish brown natural substance found in the mountain regions of India, Russia, Norway and the Himalayas between altitudes from 1000-5000. It takes centurries for shilajit to form as it is from the decomposition of certain plant species which are broken down from microorganisms (Reference). As shilajit is quite rare, there are many companies out there that advertise their product as shilajit but in fact it is not the true form. ATP Science has spent an abundant amount of time testing different shilajit species from all around the globe until we found a product which was 100% to be the natural form of shilajit. These tests went through numerous tests from the supplier, and also ATP Science independently testing the shilajit ourselves.
Shilajit has been used from ancient times for different pharmacological processes as it was used for rejuvenating and treating various diseases. Shilajit has shown to be a panacea which means it is a solution, or remedy which can be used to treat a number of bodily difficulties, and disease. Modern science has been intrigued by the medicinal use of shilajit and studies have shown that it can have a beneficial impact for:
- Increase testosterone.
- Digestive disorders.
- Diabetes and many other diseases.
Figure 1: Shilajit in its natural form within the mountains.
How does Shilajit work:
Shilajit was a part of Ayurveda medicine which is traditional Indian medicines used to treat several different diseases. Within Shilajit there are four primary chemical compounds; fulvic acid, Tirucalloic-type triterpenoids, Di-benzo-alpha-pyrones, and 4-methoxy-6-carbomethoxybiphenyl. Research has showed that Shilajit increased the spermatozoa within males the age of 45-55 years of age significantly as it contains di-benzo-alpha-pyrone which is bioactive compound which helps with increasing testosterone levels. This was seen over a 90-day period where scientist seen a rise in two androgenic markers which significantly showed the rise in testosterone within the subjects. These results were supported by two gonadotropic hormones; luteinising hormone, and follicle stimulating hormone, as the increase in these hormones are the precursors to testosterone and DHEA. These two hormones can help with the three different types of testosterone circulating the body to improve strength, performance, and general wellbeing. 
Fulvic acid is an organic natural compound which is estimated to make up of 80% of shilajit. It is created in very small quantities which can contain millions of microorganisms, which can be beneficial to gut flora, and help with digestive issues. One study, which was very interesting was on fulvic acid. Fulvic acid has an ability to help with cognition disorders to show promising signs to cure Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s is believed to be caused by the misfolding of aggregation processes which affect different regions of the brain. Parts of the brain affected by Alzheimer’s can be from tau proteins disassociating from axonal microtubules which have an impact on four-repeat microtubule binding domain. This is where fulvic acid has been has shown to have an impact on this process and it will inhibit the aggregation process, having a positive effect on cognition. 
Triterpenoids are one of the largest groups of phytochemicals which are bioactive compounds found within plants. Triterpenes are often recognized as bioactive compounds and are subjected to multiple phytochemical and pharmacological studies. They are believed to have positive impacts on our immune system as they can help with, anti-inflammation, antiviral, antimicrobial, antitumoral, and act as immunomodulator compounds. Triterpenes claim to fame was the breakthrough with how they can impact cancer cells as they can activate different signalling pathways exhibiting different cancer types. 
Studies on 4-methoxy-6-carbomethoxy biphenyl (MCB) have shown to have an effect on mucin content, gastric juice carbohydrate, and carbohydrate protein ratio. This can impact the concentration of DNA, and proteins within the gastric tissues inducing change in the mucosal layers to help with fighting effects from ulcerogenesis and shedding of the mucosal layers. 
If you are feeling quite down on energy and are over the age of 25 it would be recommended to contact your local general health care professional to get your testosterone levels tested. If your testosterone levels come back at a low range this is where you can utilise Alpha Mars as it has a clinical dose of Shilajit and other quality ingredients. As Shilajit has been around since ancient times and has proven to be beneficial for different medical conditions making it a great ingredient to use for everyday to help with your general wellbeing, immunity, increase testosterone, boost spermatozoa, boost libido, and many other health benefits. This is the reason why ATP Science has found a potent source of shilajit for our consumers and testing the quality of different sources of shilajit to make sure you are getting the most potent testosterone booster on the market. The Alpha Mars has had so much great reviews throughout the years helping people from around the globe.
 Cornejo, A., Jimenez, J., Caballero, L., Melo, F., & Maccioni, R. (2011). Fulvic Acid Inhibits Aggregation and Promotes Disassembly of Tau Fibrils Associated with Alzheimer’s Disease. Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease, 143-153. Retrieved from DOI 10.3233/JAD-2011-110623
 Ghosal, S., Singh, S., Kumar, Y., & Srivastava, R. (1988). Anti-ulcerogenic Activity of Fulvic Acids and 4’-Methoxy-6-carbomethoxybiphenyl Isolated from Shilajit. Phytotherapy Research. doi:https://doi.org/10.1002/ptr.2650020408
 Pandit, S., Biswas, S., Jana, U., De, R., Mukhopadhyay, S., & Biswas, T. (2015). Clinical evaluation of purified Shilajit on testosterone. First International Journal of Andrology, 170-172. Retrieved from doi: 10.1111/and.12482
 Rios, J.-L. (2010). Effects of triterpenes on the immune system. Journal of ethnopharmacology, 1-14. doi:DOI: 10.1016/j.jep.2009.12.045